Autochromes Lumière


The Social Relations

Two Servants of France
Edouard Thiers Edouard Thiers
Thiers, Edouard, politician, b: Saint-Saulge (Nièvre), May 15, 1843 - d: Levallois-Perret (Hauts-de-Seine), February 8, 1890

, known for his heroic defence of Belfort, was a supporter of a reduction of mandatory military service and of the installation of the worker's retirement fund. Elected deputy of the department of Rhône from 1885 and 1889, he was an intimate friend of Antoine Lumière. Their mutual attachment to those regions lost in the war of 1870 brought them close together and Antoine eventually recruited him into the Étoile et Compas Masonic lodge of Lyon. Paul Vigne would later note: "Captain Edouard Thiers would come to the house almost every day... he had a particular interest in Auguste's work and would often stay at rue de la Barre until the late hours of the night. One evening, Antoine Lumière even had to get up at one o'clock in the morning to send this overly zealous student off"  Édouard Thiers was taken before his time, at the age of 46, but his passing left Antoine with a deep affection. After his death, the Lumière family remained very close to the Thiers family. Antoine settled the debts of Marguerite Pauline Thiers, Edouard's sister, and he secured for her an annual income of 8,000 francs. Auguste and Louis entrusted her husband Maurice Lafont with the direction of the American branch of the Cinématographe Lumière between 1896 and 1897, and upon his return to France, he would operate the Parisian halls of the Cinématographe, situated at 6, boulevard Saint-Germain.

From 1899 to 1902, René Waldeck-Rousseau René Waldeck-Rousseau

Waldeck-Rousseau Pierre-Marie-René, politician, b: Nantes (Loires-Atlantique), December 2, 1846 - d: Corbeil-Essonnes (Essonne), August 4, 1904

presided over the most stable government of France's third Republic. It was at this time that he was regularly received, along with Jean-Marie de Lanessan, at the Lumière residence in La Ciotat. A lawyer, like his father, he was Deputy of Rennes under the banner of the Union républicaine, he was a member of numerous government bodies, and defended the freedom of association. Creator of the policy of the Union sacrée, he fought against the Congregations and against the Church. In 1901, the Admiral Gervais disembarked in the bay of the Golf of the Lecques, a few metres from the Lumière docks; he came to greet René Waldeck-Rousseau, the President of the Council, and Jean-Marie de Lanessan, his Marine Minister, who were guests at the Clos des Plages property. And some months before his death, it was Prince Albert I of Monaco who would pay a visit to René Waldeck-Rousseau who was sojourning in the villa of Antoine Lumière at the Cap-d'Ail.

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